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Policy assessment & strategy development for biofuels

Student name: Mr Deepak Sharma
Guide: Dr Sanpa Narula
Year of completion: 2011
Host Organisation: Research Centre for Environmental Policy (FFU) of Freie University, Berlin
Supervisor (Host Organisation): Dr Kirsten Jörgensen
Abstract: Indian biofuel sector has advanced over the decade and the adoption of 1ational Biofuel Policy in December 2009 has important implications for the country which is looking to increase its energy security and also attain energy independence. The project “Policy Assessment and Strategy Development for Biofuels” assessed biofuel policies in Germany and developed strategy for biofuels in India. The broad objective of the project was to derive lessons from biofuel policies in Germany taking the view of different stakeholder groups and their role in policy formulation and then undertake a comprehensive analysis of large scale production and use of biofuels in India and develop strategies based on the findings. The analysis undertaken in this report was mainly based on secondary data supplemented by unstructured interviews. The methodology applied for policy assessment is advocacy coalition framework which seeks to identify various actors having a stake in German biofuels policy and the emergence of actor networks and advocacy coalitions. These actor groups are analysed with a view to determine the coalitions and the interaction of private and public stakeholders in biofuels. The results shed some light on the challenges and conflicts that a country faces while transforming a current energy system into a low carbon one and the role of various private and public stakeholders in this game. For strategy development assessment of natural resource to support blending targets without compromising food production, assessment of supply chain to identify constraints, financial feasibility of biofuels, cross sectoral impacts of biofuel production and economic feasibility. The major findings of the project are separation of policies for ethanol and biodiesel, ethanol production through molasses only, biodiesel production economically and socially attractive and research required on 2nd generation biofuels. The project is of immense significance with regard to India attaining the blending target of 20% of biofuels till 2017.