The present paper aims to construct an understandin g of the concept of Resource Efficiency in the context of Sustainable Development. The interaction of Resource Efficiency with Sustainable Development is dynamic in nature. It is already known that Resource Efficiency makes economic sense. Therefore, it becomes paramount to find out the environmental sustainability it advocates for, if paves way for resource conservation or not. In other words, the effectiveness of RE is ascertained in the context of its performance on conservational aspect. It is in no way undermined that RE does not fulfil the objectives of SD but the question still remains if RE while fulfilling the objectives of SDG is a) achieving environmental justice b) ensuring social equity. The development of a nation happens when all the three pillars of sustainable development are firm in their standing. Therefore, if RE has the potential to achieve the same or not remains the issue.
A case study i.e. legal framework of mines and minerals sector has been chosen for discerning the way Resource-Efficient aspects interact with the goal of sustainable development. Policy implications have also been discussed in the light of the same. It has been chosen as a case for the present study because a) claims to contribute to GDP and SD b) environmentally invasive activity c) has implications on related social groups.
Therefore, various challenges faced by the sector are highlighted to get a proper insight of dynamics involved in the phenomena only when it interacts with legal and policy framework of Indian Mining Sector. After understanding the concept of RE and its interaction with SD, the findings will be applied to this case study to find out how RE is actually interacts with legal frameworks of such a sector to ensure sustainable development.